IP-Based Geolocation

Original Language Español Date Published 26/02/2018 Last Modified 14/02/2018
Last Call for Comments Period 01/05/2018 - 31/05/2018 Date Ratified 26/06/2018 Implementation Date 20/07/2018
Status Implemented Download TXT PDF XML DOCX
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Authors

Name: Jorge Lam
Email: jorge.lam@centurylink.com
Organization: CenturyLink

General opinion

Proposal Data

Policy Type: LACNIC
Id: LAC-2018-3
Last version: 1
Presentations:

Summary

More and more online services deliver or restrict content depending on the user's location. There are many ways to try to establish where an IP address is located; one of the most common is the information that can be obtained from the RIRs. If an IP address is reassigned to a country other than the one to which it was assigned by LACNIC, it becomes more difficult to obtain the address’s location information. This policy seeks to announce the location of an IP address in a simple and public manner to facilitate its geolocation.

Rationale

Many geolocation systems use information from the delegated-extended file published by LACNIC to determine in which country an IP prefix is located. This information, however, only considers assignments that have been made directly by LACNIC to its members. If a member reassigns a resource to another country, this information is not reflected in the file. This complicates geolocation considering that the shortage of IPv4 addresses causes many blocks originally assigned by LACNIC in one country to be used in another.

Text

Add the following section to the LACNIC Policy Manual:

Section 2.3.2.14. Geolocation

In addition to the information available in the WHOIS database, the assignments made by LACNIC and the sub-assignments made by its members will be published in a file along with information on the country in which the prefix was assigned. This file will be available for the community to download freely. Among other uses, this file may be used to geolocate an IP address. The file's format and the place where it will be published will be defined by the LACNIC staff.

Additional Information

NA

Timetable

6 months

References

NA

Public Comments by LACNIC Staff

LACNIC STAFF´S IMPACT ANALYSIS - Proposal LAC-2018-3 - versión 1

LACNIC Staff's Interpretation of the Proposal
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Applicability of section 2.3.2.14: 

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This section would apply when an organization downloads the file listing the sub-assignments made by members of our region.

Modifications to the current text

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The Policy Manual would be modified as follows:

• Addition of section 2.3.2.14. Geolocation.

In addition to the information available in the WHOIS database, the assignments made by LACNIC and the sub-assignments made by its members will be published in a file along with information on the country in which the prefix was assigned. This file will be available for the community to download freely. Among other uses, this file may be used to geolocate an IP address.

The file's format and the place where it will be published will be defined by the LACNIC staff.

• Section numbers would be updated.

LACNIC Staff Comments
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LACNIC understands this is something the community has been requesting for some time, and therefore believes its implementation would be positive.

No negative impacts have been observed that should be taken into account. The delegated-extended file agreed between all RIRs would not be affected.

It would be important that members commit to keeping their sub-assignment registrations up to date so that the file will remain current.

LACNIC recommends including the text of this proposal in section 2.3.2.13. Registering Assignments, as a new section 2.3.2.13.2 instead of section 2.3.2.14.

In addition, LACNIC recommends adding the following text at the end of section 2.3.2.13, as an introduction to the new section on geolocation:
• To facilitate the geolocation of sub-assignments made by members in our region.

Impact of the policy on the registration system and address management
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This proposal would involve the creation of the new file.

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